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  1. What is CBD? 

Cannabiliol or CBD is a natural chemical compound of the hemp plant that interacts with the body to provide different health benefits. It supports systems in the body including the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), which is tied to the nervous and immune systems. CBD is nonpsychoactive so it does not make you feel high, is non-habit forming, and can help your body in numerous ways. CBD can be ingested as a oil, in a capsule form, or even added to food. Topical creams and lotions also have a localized effect for muscle aches and tension. 

 

  1. Is there a difference between CBD, hemp, and marijuana?

CBD is found in both the marijuana and hemp plants. The plants look similar, but the main differentiator is that the hemp plant generally contains only 0.3% THC or less, whereas the marijuana plant contains between 15% to 30% THC. Since hemp contains higher levels of CBD, this is the preferred plant for farming and extraction.  

 

  1. What is the difference between full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate?

Full spectrum CBD contains all parts of the hemp plant including the CBD, terpenes, and small amounts of THC. CBD Isolate is pure CBD and does not contain other parts of the plant including terpenes or THC. Broad spectrum is like a mixture of full spectrum and CBD isolate because it contains all parts of the plants as full spectrum minus the THC.

 

  1. Is there THC in CBD? 

The extraction method of the CBD determines if there is any THC is present. In CBD isolate there is 0% THC, in broad spectrum the THC can be extracted, or in full spectrum there can be up to .3% THC. Be sure that the CBD brand you choose is third party tested, and accurately advertises the amount of CBD or THC in the product. 

 

  1. Is CBD legal?

Yes, CBD is federally legal when extracted from hemp plants. It was legalized in the 2018 Farm Bill, which removed restrictions on cultivation, production, consumption, and possession of hemp derived CBD products if they contain no more than 0.3% THC. State and federal regulations and guidelines must be followed, including obtaining the necessary licensures and frequent testing. Even though CBD is legal at the federal level, certain states have their own restrictions. CBD is technically illegal at the state level in the following locations: Idaho, Nebraska, and South Dakota. The link below contains the CBD laws in each of the 50 states.  

 

 

 

  1. Is CBD considered a drug?

CBD is primarily marketed and sold as a dietary supplement and not medication or a drug.  Although the FDA does not consider CBD a drug, it does not regulate the safety and purity of CBD products sold. 

 

  1. How do I know that the CBD is a quality product?

First verify that a third-party lab tests the CBD, look up the CBD product batch number on mycbdtest.com, and research that the CBD company is reputable and doesn’t make false claims about the levels of THC or CBD in the product.

  1. What are the benefits of CBD?

 

  1. How is CBD absorbed in your body?

The Endocannabinoid System or (ECS) manages your body’s equilibrium and contains receptors in your brain that CBD attaches to. These neurotransmitters bind receptors to your central nervous system and brain to help regulate pain relief, memory, and anxiety.

 

  1. How does CBD affect your body? 

Research shows that CBD directly interacts with your body’s Endocannabinoid System(ECS). The ECS helps to modify, control and or influence major internal mechanisms in our bodies which is keeping systems running smoothly and maintain balance.

 

  1. Does CBD increase the amount of dopamine or serotonin in your body? 

CBD interacts with the dopamine receptors in your body, which help regulate behavior and cognitive function, so CBD does not increase the amount, rather supports and activates them. Since the body’s nervous system and brain are connected, CBD can have a positive affect on mental health as dopamine and serotonin are the chemicals that create balance and stability within the body. 

 

  1. Are there any side effects from taking CBD?

Cannabidiol can cause sleepiness, drowsiness, mild nausea, or diarrhea if too much is taken in one dose. Start with a smaller dose, giving your body time to absorb and metabolize the CBD.  

 

  1. Is CBD addictive? 

No. The World Health Organization stated, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

 

  1. Is it possible to take too much CBD? 

It’s very unlikely to have any severe reactions to taking too much CBD, as studies show the amounts would need to be in excess of 20,000 MG in a short amount of time to be toxic. Drowsiness and nausea are possible side effects that should alert you to lessen your servings.

 

  1. How long does CBD stay in your system? 

The serving amount and how CBD is consumed determines approximately how long the CBD will remain effective and be in your system which can range anywhere from 2-12 hours.

 

  1. How long does it take to notice the benefits of taking CBD and how long does it last for?

There are several different methods of taking CBD, and each varies in absorption rate, relief onset time, and total relief time. For easy and fast absorption of CBD it can be taken as an oil under your tongue or inhaled by using an inhaler.  You can also take CBD via a capsule or applied via a cream for topical relief, however, the effects of CBD may take longer.

 

  1. Can you develop a tolerance to CBD? 

Depending on your body’s current state of health, primarily your endocannabinoid system, you could actually end up lowering your daily servings over time. Once your body is at a healthy balance, many people are able to slowly decrease the amount of CBD consumed to maintain that healthy equilibrium. 

 

  1. Can you take CBD with other medications?

Taking CBD along with other medications can heighten the strength of those medications, so it is best to consult with your doctor if you have those concerns.

 

  1. Will CBD show up in a drug test? 

If there is THC in the CBD you are consuming, then yes, it may show up in a drug test. If you have regular drug tests at your place of employment, it is recommended to use isolate CBD or a trusted product where all of the THC is removed. 

 

  1. Does CBD impair my ability to work/care for my family? 

No, you are safe to resume normal activity after taking CBD. Just be cautious to stick to the recommended serving size, especially when first taking CBD, as consuming too much can make you drowsy. 

 

  1. What is CBN? 

CBN otherwise known as cannabinol is produced when a hemp plant is oxidized and exposed to oxygen, heat, and light. The amount of CBN produced depends on the age of the hemp plant and how much heat and light it’s exposed to. CBN has similar properties to CBD but they differ in origin.  Both CBD and CBN create an “entourage effect” when it interacts with the endocannabinoid system. However, when taken CBN had a more sedative effect which is suggested to help with sleep.

Additional Resources:

 

U.S. National Library of Medicine

https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1439.html

 

Cannabidiol (CBD) — what we know and what we don’t

https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cannabidiol-cbd-what-we-know-and-what-we-dont-2018082414476)

 

Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4851925/

 

CBD: understanding how CBD works with our bodies

https://www.healtheuropa.eu/cbd-understanding-how-cbd-works-with-our-bodies/96718/